Besides salt, pepper is the most popular seasoning in the kitchen. Pepper is produced from the berries of the pepper plant. Each plant can produce berries that are fit for pepper production for 40 years. The pepper plant is cultivated in Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam, Cambodia and India. The US is the biggest importing country and India is the biggest exporting country of pepper.
|Production process of pepper|
|Production of black pepper|
|Production of white pepper|
|Production of green pepper|
|Production of red pepper|
drying process takes a week or one and a half week. After drying the berries are black.
Another and faster way to dry the berries is by picking the berries at a later time when they start to become red and by boiling them in water for 10 minutes. In this way, they only have to dry for three to four days. After an hour the berries turn black.
silo after they have been boiled. Bacteria make sure that the fruit of the berry is removed so that the seed of the berry remains. In this way a white peppercorn appears.
An other method to obtain white pepper is by mechanically removing the outer layer of the berry. In the producing countries the traditional method is preferred.
Because the fruit of the berry is removed the white pepper has a more mild taste.
salt and preservatives. In this way the berry does not dry. Instead of the brine, vinegar can also be used. Before the pepper is used the brine has to be washed off. Green pepper is only available in whole peppercorns.
milling process. The corns are transported through two rollers that have such a distance that the corns are crushed. In this process the aromas of the peppercorns are released. Unground pepper has to be ground in a pepper grinder.