Materials handling, unpacking, storage
|Field of application|
|Techniques, methods and equipment|
|a) Solid Materials|
carton linings. They are transported with forklift trucks and stored in a store. Larger amounts of solid raw materials and powders are mostly delivered in bulk. These are off-loaded directly for processing or stored in silos for future use. Solid raw materials can be conveyed by water (e.g. as is the case of vegetables, roots, tubers), by air (e.g. as is the case of solid particles, powder) or by conveyer belts and elevators, screw conveyors and pumps.
piping systems, which can be extensive and complex. Smaller quantities of liquids are also delivered in mini-bulk containers or in drums. These are then transported with forklift trucks and kept in an appropriate store.
pressure differences. Some examples of gas use are SO2 in the processing of sugar and in wine making, and N2 and CO2 in packaging and chilling.