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Index page for: Detecting Foreign Bodies in Food

Table of Contents MANAGEMENT ISSUESIdentifying Potential Sources of Foreign Bodies in the Supply Chain, R.A. Marsh and R.E. AngoldIntroductionSources of Contamination in the Food ChainThe Role of the ManufacturerConcluding CommentsSources of Further Information and AdviceGMP, HACCP and the Prevention of Foreign Bodies, R.R. Gaze and A.J. CampbellIntroductionThe Role of Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) and Prerequisite ProgrammesThe Role of the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) SystemFuture TrendsSources of Further InformationManaging Incidents Involving Foreign Bodies, T. HinesIntroduction: Managing Consumers, Manufacturers and RetailersThe Crisis Management TeamThe Crisis Management PlanManaging Internal and External CommunicationsSuccessful Crisis ManagementCategories of Consumer ComplaintsConclusionsSources of Further Information and AdviceReferences and NotesDETECTION AND IDENTIFICATIONMetal Detection, J.P. CraigIntroduction and the History of Metal DetectionTypes of Detection SystemsThe Balanced Coil SystemFactors Affecting the Application of Metal Detection SystemsOperational and Quality Control ProceduresFuture Trends and ConclusionsMagnets, E. Apoussidis and I. WellsIntroduction: Magnetic Separators and the Principles of MagnetismMethods of Producing Magnetic Fields: Permanent Magnets and ElectromagnetsSafety and Environmental IssuesTypes of Magnetic Separators Used in the Food IndustryFactors Affecting the Use of Magnets in Food ProcessingExamples of Magnet Use for Particular FoodsAdvantages and Disadvantages of Using MagnetsFuture TrendsSources of Further InformationOptical Sorting Systems, S.C. Bee and M.J. HoneywoodIntroductionThe Principal Components of Optical Sorting SystemsInspection Systems: Selection of Wavelength Bands, Filters and IlluminationThe Product Feeding, Ejection, Cleaning and Dust Extraction SystemsThe Electronic Processing Systems in Sorting MachinesStrengths and Weaknesses of Colour SortingFuture TrendsSources of Further Information Applying Optical Systems, G. Domenech-AsensiIntroduction: Foreign Bodies in Fruits and VegetablesDeveloping Sorting Systems for the Removal of Foreign BodiesForeign Body Detection in the Processing of Olives and PotatoesFuture TrendsSources of Further Information and AdviceReferencesMicrowave Reflectance, R. BenjaminIntroductionMicrowave Imaging TechniquesMicrowave Inspection of Food ProductsStrengths and Weaknesses of Microwave SensorsReferencesNuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging, B. HillsIntroductionPrinciples of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)The Use of NMR and MRI Techniques in Food ProcessingFactors Affecting the Development of Low-Cost On-Line MRI Foreign Body SensorsFuture TrendsSources of Further InformationReferencesSurface Penetrating Radar, U-K. Barr and H. MerkelIntroductionPrinciples of Surface Penetrating RadarDetecting Foreign Bodies Using MicorwavesSetting up Radar Systems in Food ProcessingStrengths and Weaknesses of the Radar MethodFuture TrendsSources of Further Information and AdviceReferencesElectrical Impedance, R. Dowdeswell Introduction: Measuring the Electrical Properties of MaterialsCapacitance, Resistance and Impedance-Based SystemsConclusion and Future TrendsSources of Further InformationReferencesUltrasound, O.A. Basir, B. Zhao, and G.S. MittalIntroductionPrinciples of UltrasoundTypes of Ultrasonic TransducerUltrasound Signal Processing to Detect Foreign BodiesThe Use of Ultrasound Techniques in Food ProcessingConclusions and Future TrendsReferencesUsing X-Rays to Detect Foreign Bodies, B.G. Batchelor, E.R. Davies, and M. GravesIntroduction: Principles of X-Ray SystemsSingle Axis X-Ray SystemsDual Axis X-Ray SystemsDual Energy X-Ray ImagingUsing X-Ray Systems in PracticeConclusionsSources of Further InformationReferencesAppendix: Factors Affecting System PerformanceSeparation Systems, R. O'ConnellIntroduction: The Need for Separation SystemsThe Location and Design of Separation SystemsTraditional Types of Separation EquipmentInnovative Types of Separation Equipment: SievesInnovative Types of Separation Equipment: FiltersFuture TrendsSources of Further InformationReferenceIdentifying Foreign Bodies, M. EdwardsIntroduction: Definition and Sources of Foreign BodiesApproaches to Foreign Body IdentificationForeign Bodies of Biological Origin: Identification and TestingForeign Bodies of Non-Biological Origin: Identification and TestingEffects of Food Processing on Foreign Bodies and Future TrendsSources of Further Information and AdviceConclusions References